Church history and architecture

The current church is at least the fourth church in the parish and is a fine example of “Arts and Crafts” style and craftsmanship. The previous structures were built on a different site to the north, where an old churchyard still exists. A separate page gives details of the old churches.

The last church on the old site was struck by lightning on Friday 10 July 1874 and largely destroyed by fire. There was a great sense of urgency about the provision of a replacement – although services continued to be held in the newly built schoolroom.

The foundation stone of the current church

The 7th Earl Cowper had only recently provided the site for both the school and schoolhouse and he generously donated an adjoining site of half an acre for the new church. The foundation stone – which came from the doorway of the destroyed church – was laid on 7 April 1875 not by Lord Cowper (as it says) but by his wife; he was unwell on the appointed day.

The rector at the time of the building work was Rev Henry Jephson and it seems likely that the social connections of both Reverend and Mrs Jephson were helpful in raising funds towards the building.

St. Peter’s was designed by a famous architect, John Pollard Seddon FRIBA (1827-1906). It is generally acknowledged to be very fine and is a listed building. The choice of J.P. Seddon followed an open competition. It is clear that J.L. Pearson, who had designed the earlier Victorian church and the rectory, was (perhaps understandably) not best pleased by the decision. In a letter to Rev. Henry Jephson enclosing a claim for his expenses for visiting the site in the sum of £5 19s. 3d. he wrote: “no doubt there was sufficient reason for not employing me.” The building contract was awarded to Robinson Cornish of Tudor House, North Walsham, Norfolk (later called Cornish & Gaymer). Within just over six months – on 26 October 1875 – the present church was dedicated by the Bishop of Rochester (who was also by this time the first Bishop of St. Albans).

A detail of the Martinware arch

The chancel arch in St. Peter’s is unique; it was the first and only commission by the famous Martin Brothers for a church. The Martinware Pottery was started in Fulham in 1873 by Robert Wallace Martin, the eldest of the four brothers. In 1877 the business moved to Havelock Road, Southall, where it remained until it closed in 1923.

J.P. Seddon designed the lectern, which was donated by Robinson Cornish, the builders.

The fine stone pulpit was donated by Mrs. Robinson of Ayot Bury. The font and the bells were the gift of the rector’s uncle, Dr. Henry Jephson (1798-1878). Some of the stained glass was also designed by the architect.

The font was donated by Rev. Jephson’s uncle
The pulpit was donated by Mrs Robinson of Ayot Bury

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The cost of the new church exceeded the estimates somewhat and accordingly some internal fittings and furnishings, the clock and the vestry were not ready to be dedicated by the Bishop of St. Albans until 8 February 1898.

The chronogram inside the vestry

It appears that Mr. C.W. Wilshere paid for the vestry, because on one of its internal walls is to be found one of his chronograms. These were placed on buildings which he designed or paid for. The date of construction is picked out in red capitalised letters; if the Roman numerals (V=5, X=10 and so on) are totalled the result is 1897. The inscription commemorates the 25th year of Rev. Jephson’s service as rector, and can be roughly translated as:- In the year of construction, our parish had been occupied by our rector Henry Jephson for twenty-five years, he being faithful, beloved, hard-working and wise.

The interior of the church before the screen was installed. This picture is therefore dated between 1875 and 1908

Much of the stained glass was added after the church was completed. All the windows at the back of the church are dedicated to the memory of Jane Ann Robinson of Ayot Bury (who had paid for the pulpit) and who died in 1879.

Other windows commemorate the Wills brothers and Janet Chambers who died in 1878, 1880 and 1892, Annie Catherine Boulton who died in 1894 and the Thompson children who died in 1874 and 1875.

The wrought iron screen was erected in 1908, paid for by Selina Still in memory of her mother Agnes Frances Marten (née Mount) who died in 1906, and her step-father Rear Admiral Francis Marten, who died in 1891. Selina Still was the child of Agnes’ first marriage to Rev. Henry Hughs Still and she died in January 1912. None of these individuals are buried in Ayot St Peter.

A snowy scene showing the church as it was when originally built – without the vestry. This photo is therefore pre-1897
The church as it appeared between 1898 and 1919, with the vestry in place, but before the war memorial was built

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The church clock, designed by J.P Seddon

The exterior appearance of the church was altered in 1919 when the war memorial was unveiled. This records the names of twenty men killed in the first world war. More details about these men can be found here.

The first burial in this churchyard took place in 1919, although burials continued in the old churchyard until 1945. It is thought that many people preferred to use their family plots on the old site.

A free quarterly newsletter is available for people with loved ones commemorated in either churchyard, please contact us if you would like to be added to the mailing list.

More information about the church architect John Pollard Seddon can be found here.

I am indebted to Peter Shirley for the above text, much of which is taken from the book “Ayot St Peter – a Parish History” published in 2000.